Simply put, gingivitis is an inflammation of the gums. It is the initial stage of gum disease and the easiest to treat. The direct cause of gingivitis is plaque – the soft, sticky, colorless film of bacteria that forms constantly on the teeth and gums.
Periodontitis means “inflammation around the tooth.” It is a serious gum infection that damages the soft tissue and bone that supports the tooth. Untreated periodontitis will eventually result in tooth loss, and may increase the risk of stroke, heart attack and other health problems.
Periodontal disease is a bacterial infection of the soft tissue (gums) surrounding and supporting the teeth. If left untreated, you could experience tooth loss and additional infections. Research has linked oral health to systemic (full body) health. By treating the infection, you reduce the risk of complications with heart disease, diabetes, and stroke.
The good news is that periodontal disease a treatable condition. The doctor and hygienist will create a custom treatment plan for you in order to restore your tissue health. A dental hygienist will provide what we call active periodontal therapy, which includes using specialized instruments to remove bacteria, hard and soft deposits, and toxins deep within the tissue and the root surface.. The therapy may require several appointments.
Once the tissue has healed, the doctor and hygienist will evaluate the tissue, and depending on the level of healing and the severity of bone loss/damage you may be referred to a specialist called a periodontist. After the active therapy and evaluation have been completed, you will return for a series of appointments to maintain your new level of health.. Your doctor and hygienists will offer and explain their recommendations for the best treatment for you and frequency of appointments.
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